Beekeeping business- "Dark side of beekeeping in India."

A beekeeping site
  • "In Gujarat people are taking more interest in the business of the honeybee than the business of honey."
  • We are working in the field of beekeeping from 2012. We have seen a lot of up-down in these years. For every new person who willing to start beekeeping, this article became useful for them.
  • At present, millions of enthusiastic youths and farmers in our country are looking forward to the business of beekeeping. In which our honorable Prime Minister Modi's "Sweet Revolution" is a major contributor. Beekeeping is the need of the present time. It has hidden solution of many problems related to health, unemployment and pollination problem of the agricultural farm.
  • But like every coin gets two-sides, the same downside is also developing.
  • "In Gujarat people are taking more interest in the business of the honeybee than the business of honey."
  • Due to this kind of activity, many enthusiastic youngsters and innocent farmers are being victimized. Some people are selling honeybee by speaking seductive and fiction talks, who have never even produced honey in a commercial way. Or just they are the broker of honey bees.
  • There is a belief in people's mind that beekeeping is the same as animal husbandry but the reality is very different. By keeping apiary or bee colonies/boxes at one place, it is not possible to produce honey in a commercial way. Because it is almost nonsensical that you would able to provide huge amounts of flour in one place for 365 days.
  • Suppose we have 100 bee colonies/boxes, then we should have 100 acres of land which is full of flowers. If this is possible then we will get profitable income from beehives. That is why a beekeeper migrates their beehives according to the season.
  • Crop such as mustard (lai), thyme (ajwain), fennel (soph), coriander(dhania), pigeon pea (tuver), sesame, alfalfa, babul, and coconut are useful for production of honey in Gujarat. 
  • A beginner should note that crop such as wheat, cotton, peanut, jowar, paddy, etc., are not useful for honey production.
  • The geographical condition of Gujarat and North India is very different. In Gujarat, production of honey is very low, some reasons are high temperature and humidity, more amount of green bee-eater(a green colored bird which is able to catch honeybee from the air) and more use pesticides in the farm.
  • There are many confusions in the people's minds about the economic value of honey. If a person sells his own honey by himself, then he will be able to earn sufficient amount of money according to quality and marketing. But if he sells his honey to a wholesaler or company, then he will get a negligible amount of money.
  • That is why I recommend that any person who is willing to start beekeeping, please inspect/ survey the market first.
  • Mostly a person who only trades honeybees has exaggeration stories. So before making any project report and taking lawn one should need to know this business correctly.
  • So it is better to start with a small step, then go ahead with more experience and investment.
  • Be sure about the insecticide used in the farm area before placing honeybee boxes for pollination in the farm of pomegranate, mango, etc. Although the Honeybee is a very gentle insect (despite having a sting ... !!), it does not stand in front of the pesticide. The list of horticulture farmers who have failed in beekeeping is very big.
  • My personal opinion is that those who have a sensible attachment to the honeybee, then go ahead in this field.  Honeybee would sting quickly those who consider only economic aspect.
  • To read this article in Gujarati, please click here https://indigenousrawhoney.blogspot.in/2018/03/blog-post_12.html
  • To read this article in Hindi, please click here https://indigenouspurehoney.blogspot.in/2018/03/blog-post_13.html
  • For more information please visit http://indigenoushoney.com



Beekeeping is business which involves management of honeybees in the scientifically designed wooden box (beehives) for the conservation of honeybees. Which gives us returns in the form of honey and increase in crop production by pollination.

By reading this question is raised that, how one can manage an insect which has highly stinging behavior? Don't worry nature has blessed us with some cool/ calm spice of the honey bee. Which are less prone to sting.

Before starting about beekeeping one should have to understand types of the honeybee according to their habitat. This way of making a home at different habitat make them aggressive or peaceful.

By understanding the behavior of honeybee. We will learn how to manage them. So basically there two spices of honey bee which can be domesticated. First is Apis mellifera(an Italian honeybee) and second is Apis cerana indica (Indian honeybee). As discussed in the earlier post both have own advantage and disadvantage.

Let's start with the Social behavior of honeybee.
As a human, scientifically we are known as a homosapien sapiens. The scientific name of the Italian honeybee is Apis mellifera. As per scientific classification kingdom, class, order, genus and spices of the Italian honeybee is as follow.

To be continued.....................

Types of honeybee

Types of the honeybee according to their habitat. This way of making a home at different habitat make them aggressive or peaceful. So let's discuss the type of honeybees which are seen in India.

1. Apis dorsata laboriosa (Himalayan honey bee):
This honeybee is also known as the Himalayan giant honeybee. This honeybee is world's largest honeybee. Length of the worker honeybee is 3.0 cm to 3.5 cm (1 to 1.5 inch). In normal comb this honeybee, there is 60kg or more honey. They are mostly found at 2500-meter  to 3000-meter hight at the Himalayas.  

Apis dorsata- Himalayan giant honeybee

They are especially known for red honey which has the intoxicating effect. This honeybee is only a source of red honey. They are only pollinator which are found in Himalayan mountain range. Mostly this honey is exported to Japan, Korea, and Hongkong.
Because of their high sting behavior, we are unable to make them domesticated bee.

2. Apis dorsata (wild bee): This honeybee is locally known as "bhramhar" bee or wild bee. This honeybee is a subspecies of Apis dorsta laboriosa (Himalayan honey bee ). As the name suggests this honeybee is known for its wild nature of stinging. They usually found in the forest with the comb at the branch of the trees. They are the natural pollinator of the forest. Their ability to collect honey is more than Italian honeybee.

Wild honeybee

Due to their wild nature of stinging, we are unable to make them domesticated. Still, they are hunted by honey hunters in the forest.

3. Apis mellifera (Italian honeybee):
This honeybee is also known as Italian honeybee or European honeybee. Length of an adult worker bee is 10mm to 15 mm. They are making multiple combs up to 12 combs in each colony.
Natural habitat or nest of these bees is found in boundary walls of farm and trunk of trees. They usually make their combs in a dark place which protect them from heavy sunlight, rainfall and protect them from other predators.
Due to this type of nature or behavior, we are able to make them a domesticated insect. The stinging behavior is less than other spice of honey bee so they are easily managed by beekeepers in their wooden boxes or hives.
Apis mellifera honeybee is most widely used for beekeeping purpose in the world.

Apis mellifera- Italian honeybee
An average colony of this honeybee produces 40kg to 60kg honey per year. Pollination range is approx 2.5km to 3km from the hive.   

4. Apis cerana indica (Indian honeybee): This honeybee is locally known as "satpudi makhi ". In a single colony of Indian honeybee seven combs are there in a single plane. They quite aggressive then Italian honeybee, but if you handle them with the care they become gentle. Natural habitat or nest of these honeybees are same as the Italian honeybee. As per Ayurveda honey produced by these bees is full of nutrition.  

Apis cerana indica- Indian honeybee

An average colony of this honeybee produces 8kg to 10kg honey per year. Pollination range is approx 1km to 1.5km from the hive.   

5. Apis Florea (draft honeybee): This honeybee is locally known as "pautik makhi ". They make small single small comb on herbs or a tree. They are less aggressive than other spices. 
Apis florea - draft honeybee

As they smaller in size honey gathered by these honeybees is less than 5kg per year. Because of low productivity, they are not used for beekeeping purpose.

6. Trigona api (smallest honeybee): This honeybee is the smallest honeybee of the world.  Trigona is also known as a stingless honeybee. Although they don't have a sting but they prone bite like an ant. Due to their smaller size they less familiar than the other honeybee. Handling of these honeybees requires some special training. I have read somewhere that they are used for greenhouse pollination.  

Trigona api -smallest honeybee



Want to start beekeeping!!!!!! we are here to help you

Beehives at farm of Thyme
  • If you are looking for beekeeping training, you are at right place. We will serve you all the information about honey and honeybees. Today's article is about training on beekeeping. 
  • Why training is required on beekeeping? 
  • Because you are looking for an insect on which you will find more literature after mankind. The honeybee is not an ordinary insect but its rather than extraordinary. If you observe the honeybee peacefully, you will find the magic of nature.The honeybee is the perfectly designed creature created by nature during the process of evolution.
  • Life of honeybee is depended only on the flowers. Source of food for survival for a honeybee is only a flower.  Each organ from head to nail is the perfect tool for survival of their life and also for the survival of plants. Actually its matter of survival of mankind. The genius scientist Albert Einstien had quoted somewhere in a book that “If the honey bees are destroyed from the earth, in just four years, all living creatures will end."   
  • So if you want to be a successful beekeeper, you must have knowledge of the behavior of the honeybee, anatomy of the honeybee and some general ideas of bee-friendly flowers. 
  • Here I want to clear one matter that commercial beekeeping is not a stationery business. It is not possible to cultivate bee-friendly flowers for 365 days at one place. So if you really want a proper financial output from beekeeping, you must have to migrate beehives according to seasons.
  • According to my five-year experience in the field of beekeeping in Gujarat, I found that there are many bee-friendly crops which are cultivated in Gujarat. We have fertilized land in which bee-friendly crop such as coriander, fennel, sesame, thyme, pigeon peas, mustard, mung, black gram, cotton, pearl millet, sunflower etc are cultivated. And also have horticulture plants like coconut, berry, drumstick, mango tree and eucalyptus. Wild plants such babul and acacia are also found in Gujarat. This huge biodiversity of crops and plants influence the success of beekeeping activity in Gujarat.
  • So there is a good opportunity for a hobby beekeeper to convert into commercial beekeeper in Gujarat. We are engaged in beekeeping since 2012. Our trained employees manage all the beekeeping activities according to Good Beekeeping Practices (GBP) suggested by national bee board. 
Training includes such topics 

  • Life in beehive: Our trained persons will help you to understand the life cycle of the honeybee, their labor distribution, and their socialism. 
  • Handling of beehive: This includes equipment handlings which are use full in beekeeping.
  • Beehive nutrition: If you want more honey from beehives, you must have knowledge of diet of the honeybee. 
  • Apiary management: Selection of apiary site also have an influence on the growth of honeybees and production of honey.
  • Migration of apiary: This is the toughest job in beekeeping which required proper training.  
  • Production and sales of honey and beehives: Our sales expert will help you to encourage your sale of honey and beehives. 
  • Pollination service of honeybee: One should also produce income by the pollination services of the honeybees.
  • Troubleshooting of issues in beekeeping: We also support to fight against the predators and disease of honeybees.
  • For more information
  • Vimal vadher: 09275136336
  • Dr. Dharmesh vadher: 09033959987